The influences of ghrelin on neural differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) were investigated in this study. The expression of typical neuronal markers, such as protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) and Microtubule Associated Protein 2 (MAP2), as well as glial Fibrillary Acid Protein (GFAP) as a glial marker was evaluated in ASCs in different conditions. In particular, 2 µM ghrelin was added to control ASCs and to ASCs undergoing neural differentiation. For this purpose, ASCs were cultured in Conditioned Media obtained from Olfactory Ensheathing cells (OEC-CM) or from Schwann cells (SC-CM). Data on marker expression were gathered after 1 and 7 days of culture by fluorescence immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry. Results show that only weak effects were induced by the addition of only ghrelin. Instead, dynamic ghrelin-induced modifications were detected on the increased marker expression elicited by glial conditioned media. In fact, the combination of ghrelin and conditioned media consistently induced a further increase of PGP9.5 and MAP2 expression, especially after 7 days of treatment. The combination of ghrelin with SC-CM produced the most evident effects. Weak or no modifications were found on conditioned medium-induced GFAP increases. Observations on the ghrelin receptor indicate that its expression in control ASCs, virtually unchanged by the addition of only ghrelin, was considerably increased by CM treatment. These increases were enhanced by combining ghrelin and CM treatment, especially at 7 days. Overall, it can be assumed that ghrelin favors a neuronal rather than a glial ASC differentiation.

Ghrelin peptide improves glial conditioned medium effects on neuronal differentiation of human adipose mesenchymal stem cells

· Giuliana Mannino
Co-primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

The influences of ghrelin on neural differentiation of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) were investigated in this study. The expression of typical neuronal markers, such as protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) and Microtubule Associated Protein 2 (MAP2), as well as glial Fibrillary Acid Protein (GFAP) as a glial marker was evaluated in ASCs in different conditions. In particular, 2 µM ghrelin was added to control ASCs and to ASCs undergoing neural differentiation. For this purpose, ASCs were cultured in Conditioned Media obtained from Olfactory Ensheathing cells (OEC-CM) or from Schwann cells (SC-CM). Data on marker expression were gathered after 1 and 7 days of culture by fluorescence immunocytochemistry and flow cytometry. Results show that only weak effects were induced by the addition of only ghrelin. Instead, dynamic ghrelin-induced modifications were detected on the increased marker expression elicited by glial conditioned media. In fact, the combination of ghrelin and conditioned media consistently induced a further increase of PGP9.5 and MAP2 expression, especially after 7 days of treatment. The combination of ghrelin with SC-CM produced the most evident effects. Weak or no modifications were found on conditioned medium-induced GFAP increases. Observations on the ghrelin receptor indicate that its expression in control ASCs, virtually unchanged by the addition of only ghrelin, was considerably increased by CM treatment. These increases were enhanced by combining ghrelin and CM treatment, especially at 7 days. Overall, it can be assumed that ghrelin favors a neuronal rather than a glial ASC differentiation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3239872
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