Psoriasis is an inflammatory and auto-immune skin-disease characterized by uncontrolled keratinocyte proliferation. Its pathogenesis is not still fully understood; however, an aberrant and excessive inflammatory and immune response can contribute to its progression. Recently, more attention has been given to the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulators effects of melatonin in inflammatory diseases. The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of melatonin on psoriatic phenotype and also in S. aureus infection-associated psoriasis, with an in vitro model using Skinethic Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE). An in vitro model was constructed using the RHE, a three-dimensional-model obtained from human primary-keratinocytes. RHE-cells were exposed to a mix of pro-inflammatory cytokines, to induce a psoriatic phenotype; cells were also infected with S. aureus to aggravate psoriasis disease, and then were treated with melatonin at the concentrations of 1 nM, 10 nM, and 50 nM. Our results demonstrated that melatonin at higher concentrations significantly reduced histological damage, compared to the cytokine and S. aureus groups. Additionally, the treatment with melatonin restored tight-junction expression and reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels, such as interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-12. Our results suggest that melatonin could be considered a promising strategy for psoriasis-like skin inflammation, as well as complications of psoriasis, such as S. aureus infection.

Effect of Melatonin on Psoriatic Phenotype in Human Reconstructed Skin Model

Scuderi, Sarah Adriana;Cucinotta, Laura;Filippone, Alessia;Lanza, Marika;Campolo, Michela;Paterniti, Irene;Esposito, Emanuela
2022

Abstract

Psoriasis is an inflammatory and auto-immune skin-disease characterized by uncontrolled keratinocyte proliferation. Its pathogenesis is not still fully understood; however, an aberrant and excessive inflammatory and immune response can contribute to its progression. Recently, more attention has been given to the anti-inflammatory and immunomodulators effects of melatonin in inflammatory diseases. The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of melatonin on psoriatic phenotype and also in S. aureus infection-associated psoriasis, with an in vitro model using Skinethic Reconstructed Human Epidermis (RHE). An in vitro model was constructed using the RHE, a three-dimensional-model obtained from human primary-keratinocytes. RHE-cells were exposed to a mix of pro-inflammatory cytokines, to induce a psoriatic phenotype; cells were also infected with S. aureus to aggravate psoriasis disease, and then were treated with melatonin at the concentrations of 1 nM, 10 nM, and 50 nM. Our results demonstrated that melatonin at higher concentrations significantly reduced histological damage, compared to the cytokine and S. aureus groups. Additionally, the treatment with melatonin restored tight-junction expression and reduced pro-inflammatory cytokine levels, such as interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-12. Our results suggest that melatonin could be considered a promising strategy for psoriasis-like skin inflammation, as well as complications of psoriasis, such as S. aureus infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3240137
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