Oxidative stress represents one of the principal causes of inherited retinal dystrophies, with many related molecular mechanisms still unknown. We investigated the posttranscriptional RNA editing landscape of human retinal pigment epithelium cells (RPE) exposed to the oxidant agent N‐retinylidene‐N‐retinyl ethanolamine (A2E) for 1 h, 2 h, 3 h and 6 h. Using a transcriptomic approach, refined with a specific multialgorithm pipeline, 62,880 already annotated and de novo RNA editing sites within about 3000 genes were identified among all samples. Approximately 19% of these RNA editing sites were found within 3′ UTR, including sites common to all time points that were predicted to change the binding capacity of 359 miRNAs towards 9654 target genes. A2E exposure also determined significant gene expression differences in deaminase family ADAR, APOBEC and ADAT members, involved in canonical and tRNA editing events. On GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, genes that showed different RNA editing levels are mainly involved in pathways strongly linked to a possible neovascularization of retinal tissue, with induced apoptosis mediated by the ECM and surface protein altered signaling. Collectively, this work demonstrated dynamic RNA editome profiles in RPE cells for the first time and shed more light on new mechanisms at the basis of retinal degeneration.

Epitranscriptome Analysis of Oxidative Stressed Retinal Epithelial Cells Depicted a Possible RNA Editing Landscape of Retinal Degeneration

Luigi Donato
Conceptualization
;
Concetta Scimone
Software
;
Simona Alibrandi
Validation
;
Carmela Rinaldi
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Rosalia D’Angelo
Writing – Review & Editing
;
Antonina Sidoti
Supervision
2022-01-01

Abstract

Oxidative stress represents one of the principal causes of inherited retinal dystrophies, with many related molecular mechanisms still unknown. We investigated the posttranscriptional RNA editing landscape of human retinal pigment epithelium cells (RPE) exposed to the oxidant agent N‐retinylidene‐N‐retinyl ethanolamine (A2E) for 1 h, 2 h, 3 h and 6 h. Using a transcriptomic approach, refined with a specific multialgorithm pipeline, 62,880 already annotated and de novo RNA editing sites within about 3000 genes were identified among all samples. Approximately 19% of these RNA editing sites were found within 3′ UTR, including sites common to all time points that were predicted to change the binding capacity of 359 miRNAs towards 9654 target genes. A2E exposure also determined significant gene expression differences in deaminase family ADAR, APOBEC and ADAT members, involved in canonical and tRNA editing events. On GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, genes that showed different RNA editing levels are mainly involved in pathways strongly linked to a possible neovascularization of retinal tissue, with induced apoptosis mediated by the ECM and surface protein altered signaling. Collectively, this work demonstrated dynamic RNA editome profiles in RPE cells for the first time and shed more light on new mechanisms at the basis of retinal degeneration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3242574
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