The present paper presents the development of a thermal energy storage system for application with non-concentrating solar plants using phase change materials (PCMs). The outcomes of an experimental analysis on commercial PCMs and laboratory-grade chemical compounds suitable for latent heat storages in a temperature range of 80-100 degrees C is presented, with main focus on to the enthalpy and the cycle stability of the materials. Particularly, a first evaluation of possible degradation mechanisms in hydrated salts was investigated by means of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The best performing materials have been implemented in a numerical model, based on the enthalpy method, used for the design of a thermal storage system. The configuration of the system, starting from a simple shell-and-tube layout, has been optimized by inserting asymmetric fin-and-tubes and the results with two selected materials have been compared. The analysis has shown that the most promising materials are the commercial ones belonging to the classes of paraffinic materials and hydrated salts and that, with the designed configuration, it is possible to store up to 200 kJ/m(3) and get a peak power during discharge of about 1.5 kW.

Latent Thermal Storage for Solar Cooling Applications: Materials Characterization and Numerical Optimization of Finned Storage Configurations

Valeria Palomba
Primo
;
Vincenza Brancato
Secondo
;
Giulia Palomba;Angelo Freni
Penultimo
;
Andrea Frazzica
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

The present paper presents the development of a thermal energy storage system for application with non-concentrating solar plants using phase change materials (PCMs). The outcomes of an experimental analysis on commercial PCMs and laboratory-grade chemical compounds suitable for latent heat storages in a temperature range of 80-100 degrees C is presented, with main focus on to the enthalpy and the cycle stability of the materials. Particularly, a first evaluation of possible degradation mechanisms in hydrated salts was investigated by means of nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The best performing materials have been implemented in a numerical model, based on the enthalpy method, used for the design of a thermal storage system. The configuration of the system, starting from a simple shell-and-tube layout, has been optimized by inserting asymmetric fin-and-tubes and the results with two selected materials have been compared. The analysis has shown that the most promising materials are the commercial ones belonging to the classes of paraffinic materials and hydrated salts and that, with the designed configuration, it is possible to store up to 200 kJ/m(3) and get a peak power during discharge of about 1.5 kW.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3248614
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