Lycopene is a carotenoid found in tomatoes that has potent antioxidant activity. The Mediterranean diet is particularly rich in lycopene, which has well-known beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. We tested the effects of lycopene extract in a group of 20 ApoE knockout mice, fed with a high fat western diet for 14 weeks. Starting from week 3 and up to week 14, the mice were randomly divided into two groups that received lycopene (n = 10) by oral suspension every day at the human equivalent dose of 60 mg/day (0.246 mg/mouse/day), or the vehicle solution (n = 10). The lycopene administration reduced triglycerides and cholesterol blood levels starting from week 6 and continuing through to the end of the experiment (p < 0.001). This reduction was mediated by an enhanced liver expression of PPAR-α and AMPK-α and reduced SREBP levels (p < 0.0001). As a histological red-out, the extent of atherosclerotic plaques and the intima–media thickness in the aorta were significantly reduced by lycopene. In this context, lycopene augmented the Nrf-2 positivity staining in the endothelium, thereby confirming that its antioxidant activity was mediated by this nuclear factor. The positive results obtained in this pre-clinical model further support the use of lycopene extracts to reduce atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis Plaque Reduction by Lycopene Is Mediated by Increased Energy Expenditure through AMPK and PPARα in ApoE KO Mice Fed with a High Fat Diet

Mannino F.
Primo
;
Pallio G.;Altavilla D.;Squadrito F.;Vermiglio G.;Bitto A.
Penultimo
;
Irrera N.
Ultimo
2022-01-01

Abstract

Lycopene is a carotenoid found in tomatoes that has potent antioxidant activity. The Mediterranean diet is particularly rich in lycopene, which has well-known beneficial effects on cardiovascular health. We tested the effects of lycopene extract in a group of 20 ApoE knockout mice, fed with a high fat western diet for 14 weeks. Starting from week 3 and up to week 14, the mice were randomly divided into two groups that received lycopene (n = 10) by oral suspension every day at the human equivalent dose of 60 mg/day (0.246 mg/mouse/day), or the vehicle solution (n = 10). The lycopene administration reduced triglycerides and cholesterol blood levels starting from week 6 and continuing through to the end of the experiment (p < 0.001). This reduction was mediated by an enhanced liver expression of PPAR-α and AMPK-α and reduced SREBP levels (p < 0.0001). As a histological red-out, the extent of atherosclerotic plaques and the intima–media thickness in the aorta were significantly reduced by lycopene. In this context, lycopene augmented the Nrf-2 positivity staining in the endothelium, thereby confirming that its antioxidant activity was mediated by this nuclear factor. The positive results obtained in this pre-clinical model further support the use of lycopene extracts to reduce atherosclerosis.
2022
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3250694
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