Previous studies have shown that experiential avoidance (EA) is associated with physical and psychological well-being in medical and non-medical samples. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the reciprocal association between psychological well-being and EA over time among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being. Pre-CR data on demographic characteristics, measures of psychological well-being, and cardiac-specific EA were collected from 915 CR patients, as well as post-CR psychological well-being and EA data, from 800 of these patients. A cross-lagged model was estimated to examine the relationship between EA and psychological well-being among patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being based on questionnaire scores. Both EA and psychological well-being significantly changed during CR and were negatively associated with each other at both pre- and post-CR. Results from cross-lagged structural equation modeling supported a nonreciprocal association between EA and psychological well-being during CR. Pre-CR assessment of EA in patients showing low levels of well-being at the beginning of CR could help to identify patients at risk for worse psychological outcomes. EA could be a promising target of psychological treatments administered during CR.

Cardiac-specific experiential avoidance predicts change in general psychological well-being among patients completing cardiac rehabilitation

Spatola C.
Primo
;
2021-01-01

Abstract

Previous studies have shown that experiential avoidance (EA) is associated with physical and psychological well-being in medical and non-medical samples. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the reciprocal association between psychological well-being and EA over time among cardiac rehabilitation (CR) patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being. Pre-CR data on demographic characteristics, measures of psychological well-being, and cardiac-specific EA were collected from 915 CR patients, as well as post-CR psychological well-being and EA data, from 800 of these patients. A cross-lagged model was estimated to examine the relationship between EA and psychological well-being among patients with moderately to severely low levels of psychological well-being based on questionnaire scores. Both EA and psychological well-being significantly changed during CR and were negatively associated with each other at both pre- and post-CR. Results from cross-lagged structural equation modeling supported a nonreciprocal association between EA and psychological well-being during CR. Pre-CR assessment of EA in patients showing low levels of well-being at the beginning of CR could help to identify patients at risk for worse psychological outcomes. EA could be a promising target of psychological treatments administered during CR.
2021
File in questo prodotto:
File Dimensione Formato  
Spatola2021.pdf

solo utenti autorizzati

Tipologia: Versione Editoriale (PDF)
Licenza: Tutti i diritti riservati (All rights reserved)
Dimensione 327.85 kB
Formato Adobe PDF
327.85 kB Adobe PDF   Visualizza/Apri   Richiedi una copia
Pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3251416
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 4
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 4
social impact