Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common complication in patients with impaired kidney function undergoing coronary angiography/angioplasty. We evaluated whether elevated homocysteine (known to be associated with free radical generation and oxidative stress) increases the risk of CIN. Patients (n = 876) with creatinine clearance <60 mL/min undergoing coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were divided into tertiles of homocysteine levels. Contrast-induced nephropathy was defined as ≥0.5 mg/dL or ≥25% creatinine increase 24 to 48 hours post-PCI. A significant relationship was observed between homocysteine levels and the risk of CIN (P = .033), confirmed after correction for baseline confounding factors, adjusted odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, [CI]) = 1.68 (1.09-2.59), P = .019. This association was also significant applying the new definition of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (11.9% in group 1, 10.4% in group 2, and 22.8% in group 3; P < .001), adjusted OR (95% CI) = 1.96 (1.3-2.95), P = .001. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings and to define the role of homocysteine in CIN.

Elevated Homocysteine and the Risk of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy: A Cohort Study

DE LUCA, GIUSEPPE
Ultimo
2015-01-01

Abstract

Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a common complication in patients with impaired kidney function undergoing coronary angiography/angioplasty. We evaluated whether elevated homocysteine (known to be associated with free radical generation and oxidative stress) increases the risk of CIN. Patients (n = 876) with creatinine clearance <60 mL/min undergoing coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) were divided into tertiles of homocysteine levels. Contrast-induced nephropathy was defined as ≥0.5 mg/dL or ≥25% creatinine increase 24 to 48 hours post-PCI. A significant relationship was observed between homocysteine levels and the risk of CIN (P = .033), confirmed after correction for baseline confounding factors, adjusted odds ratio, OR (95% confidence interval, [CI]) = 1.68 (1.09-2.59), P = .019. This association was also significant applying the new definition of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (11.9% in group 1, 10.4% in group 2, and 22.8% in group 3; P < .001), adjusted OR (95% CI) = 1.96 (1.3-2.95), P = .001. Future studies are needed to confirm our findings and to define the role of homocysteine in CIN.
2015
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3256516
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