This study deals with the development of novel poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) nanoparticles (PLA-PEG NPs) for the efficient and prolonged delivery of Linezolid (LNZ), a synthetic antibacterial agent used against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A two-step synthetic strategy based on carbodiimide coupling and copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition was first exploited for the conjugation of PLA with PEG. The encapsulation of LNZ into medium-molecular-weight PLA-PEG NPs was carried out by different methods including nanoprecipitation and dialysis. The optimal PLA-PEG@LNZ nanoformulation resulted in 3.5% LNZ payload (15% encapsulation efficiency, with a 10:3 polymer to drug mass ratio) and sustained release kinetics with 65% of entrapped antibiotic released within 80 h. Moreover, the zeta potential values (from-31 to-39 mV) indicated a good stability without agglomeration even after freeze-drying and lyophilization. The PLA-PEG@LNZ NPs exerted antimicrobial activity against a panel of Gram-positive bacteria responsible for human infections, such as Staphylococcus aureus including MRSA, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus lugdunensis and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm). Moreover, PLA-PEG@LNZ NPs showed inhibitory ac-tivity on both planktonic growth and preformed biofilm of MRSA. The antibacterial activity of LNZ incorporated in polymeric NPs was well preserved and the nanosystem served as an antibiotic enhancer with a potential role in MRSA-associated infections management.

Harnessing the power of PLA-PEG nanoparticles for Linezolid delivery against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Oliva R.
Primo
;
Ginestra G.
Secondo
;
Piperno A.;Nostro A.
Penultimo
;
Scala A.
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

This study deals with the development of novel poly(lactic acid)-poly(ethylene glycol) nanoparticles (PLA-PEG NPs) for the efficient and prolonged delivery of Linezolid (LNZ), a synthetic antibacterial agent used against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). A two-step synthetic strategy based on carbodiimide coupling and copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition was first exploited for the conjugation of PLA with PEG. The encapsulation of LNZ into medium-molecular-weight PLA-PEG NPs was carried out by different methods including nanoprecipitation and dialysis. The optimal PLA-PEG@LNZ nanoformulation resulted in 3.5% LNZ payload (15% encapsulation efficiency, with a 10:3 polymer to drug mass ratio) and sustained release kinetics with 65% of entrapped antibiotic released within 80 h. Moreover, the zeta potential values (from-31 to-39 mV) indicated a good stability without agglomeration even after freeze-drying and lyophilization. The PLA-PEG@LNZ NPs exerted antimicrobial activity against a panel of Gram-positive bacteria responsible for human infections, such as Staphylococcus aureus including MRSA, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Staphylococcus lugdunensis and vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VREfm). Moreover, PLA-PEG@LNZ NPs showed inhibitory ac-tivity on both planktonic growth and preformed biofilm of MRSA. The antibacterial activity of LNZ incorporated in polymeric NPs was well preserved and the nanosystem served as an antibiotic enhancer with a potential role in MRSA-associated infections management.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3273950
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