BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is an excessive and irrational negative emotional state experienced by population; the dental anxiety is common throughout the lifespan and is an obstacle to improving oral health behaviors and outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess gender differences in dental anxiety and to investigate if oral health impacts patients’ Quality of Life and the perception of their body image. METHODS: The sample consisted of 366 subjects selected in Italy and Spain (January 2021-September 2021). For this study, data were gathered using Google Forms (Google LLC, Mountain View, CA, USA). Data were collected including the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaires and Body Uneasiness Test. RESULTS: Women showed higher scores than men for the dental anxiety. The regression analysis showed that gender, age, and Oral Health Impact are predictors of “dental anxiety.” A borderline significance emerges for the independent variable body uneasiness. CONCLUSIONS: The dental anxiety is widespread in the population, with a higher prevalence among women and increases with increasing age. It can negatively affect patients’ Quality of Life, well-being, and self-esteem. These results underline the importance of addressing both individual and group strategies for preventing or treating dental anxiety.

Dental anxiety, Quality of Life and body image: gender differences in Italian and Spanish population

Clara LOMBARDO;Chiara LA BARBIERA;Maria Rosaria Anna MUSCATELLO;Antonio BRUNO;Carmela MENTO
Ultimo
2023-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is an excessive and irrational negative emotional state experienced by population; the dental anxiety is common throughout the lifespan and is an obstacle to improving oral health behaviors and outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess gender differences in dental anxiety and to investigate if oral health impacts patients’ Quality of Life and the perception of their body image. METHODS: The sample consisted of 366 subjects selected in Italy and Spain (January 2021-September 2021). For this study, data were gathered using Google Forms (Google LLC, Mountain View, CA, USA). Data were collected including the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS), Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) questionnaires and Body Uneasiness Test. RESULTS: Women showed higher scores than men for the dental anxiety. The regression analysis showed that gender, age, and Oral Health Impact are predictors of “dental anxiety.” A borderline significance emerges for the independent variable body uneasiness. CONCLUSIONS: The dental anxiety is widespread in the population, with a higher prevalence among women and increases with increasing age. It can negatively affect patients’ Quality of Life, well-being, and self-esteem. These results underline the importance of addressing both individual and group strategies for preventing or treating dental anxiety.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3281428
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