Aims: Diagnosis of myocardial fibrosis is commonly performed with late gadolinium contrast-enhanced (CE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), which might be contraindicated or unavailable. Coronary computed tomography (CCT) is emerging as an alternative to CMR. We sought to evaluate whether a deep learning (DL) model could allow identification of myocardial fibrosis from routine early CE-CCT images. Methods and results: Fifty consecutive patients with known left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (LVD) underwent both CE-CMR and (early and late) CE-CCT. According to the CE-CMR patterns, patients were classified as ischemic (n = 15, 30%) or non-ischemic (n = 35, 70%) LVD. Delayed enhancement regions were manually traced on late CE-CCT using CE-CMR as reference. On early CE-CCT images, the myocardial sectors were extracted according to AHA 16-segment model and labeled as with scar or not, based on the late CE-CCT manual tracing. A DL model was developed to classify each segment. A total of 44,187 LV segments were analyzed, resulting in accuracy of 71% and area under the ROC curve of 76% (95% CI: 72%-81%), while, with the bull's eye segmental comparison of CE-CMR and respective early CE-CCT findings, an 89% agreement was achieved. Conclusions: DL on early CE-CCT acquisition may allow detection of LV sectors affected with myocardial fibrosis, thus without additional contrast-agent administration or radiational dose. Such tool might reduce the user interaction and visual inspection with benefit in both efforts and time.

A deep-learning approach for myocardial fibrosis detection in early contrast-enhanced cardiac CT images

Carerj, Maria Ludovica;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Aims: Diagnosis of myocardial fibrosis is commonly performed with late gadolinium contrast-enhanced (CE) cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), which might be contraindicated or unavailable. Coronary computed tomography (CCT) is emerging as an alternative to CMR. We sought to evaluate whether a deep learning (DL) model could allow identification of myocardial fibrosis from routine early CE-CCT images. Methods and results: Fifty consecutive patients with known left ventricular (LV) dysfunction (LVD) underwent both CE-CMR and (early and late) CE-CCT. According to the CE-CMR patterns, patients were classified as ischemic (n = 15, 30%) or non-ischemic (n = 35, 70%) LVD. Delayed enhancement regions were manually traced on late CE-CCT using CE-CMR as reference. On early CE-CCT images, the myocardial sectors were extracted according to AHA 16-segment model and labeled as with scar or not, based on the late CE-CCT manual tracing. A DL model was developed to classify each segment. A total of 44,187 LV segments were analyzed, resulting in accuracy of 71% and area under the ROC curve of 76% (95% CI: 72%-81%), while, with the bull's eye segmental comparison of CE-CMR and respective early CE-CCT findings, an 89% agreement was achieved. Conclusions: DL on early CE-CCT acquisition may allow detection of LV sectors affected with myocardial fibrosis, thus without additional contrast-agent administration or radiational dose. Such tool might reduce the user interaction and visual inspection with benefit in both efforts and time.
2023
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3285637
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