A 57-year-old woman with acute left leg ischemia due to popliteal artery occlusion and deep T-wave inversion at ECG revealed she had suffered, the day before, from typical chest pain after a confrontational argument; yet, she had not sought medical assistance. Echocardiography showed left ventricular wall motion abnormalities consistent with the diagnosis of emotional stress-induced takotsubo syndrome. Coronary angiography ruled out obstructive atherosclerotic disease and left ventriculography confirmed apical ballooning with evolving thrombosis. Left leg angiography demonstrated diffuse embolisation of the popliteal artery. Ventricular thrombosis is a complication of takotsubo syndrome and has been associated with adverse events supposed to be due to a cardioembolic mechanism, in particular cerebro-vascular accidents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first direct visualization of systemic cardiogenic embolism in takotsubo syndrome. Physicians should be aware that ventricular thrombosis may be present in the earliest stages of the disease and that emboli dislocation can occur even before wall motion normalization.

Systemic embolism in takotsubo syndrome.

ANDO', Giuseppe;TRIO, OLIMPIA;ORETO, Giuseppe;ARRIGO, Francesco
2009

Abstract

A 57-year-old woman with acute left leg ischemia due to popliteal artery occlusion and deep T-wave inversion at ECG revealed she had suffered, the day before, from typical chest pain after a confrontational argument; yet, she had not sought medical assistance. Echocardiography showed left ventricular wall motion abnormalities consistent with the diagnosis of emotional stress-induced takotsubo syndrome. Coronary angiography ruled out obstructive atherosclerotic disease and left ventriculography confirmed apical ballooning with evolving thrombosis. Left leg angiography demonstrated diffuse embolisation of the popliteal artery. Ventricular thrombosis is a complication of takotsubo syndrome and has been associated with adverse events supposed to be due to a cardioembolic mechanism, in particular cerebro-vascular accidents. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first direct visualization of systemic cardiogenic embolism in takotsubo syndrome. Physicians should be aware that ventricular thrombosis may be present in the earliest stages of the disease and that emboli dislocation can occur even before wall motion normalization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/778
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