Objective: To investigate the immunolocalization and activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Background: NF-κB is a major transcription factor modulating the cellular immune, inflammatory, and proliferative responses. In skeletal muscle it was demonstrated to play a role in the expression of inducible genes in response to oxidative stress and ischemia/reperfusion injury, and also in myonuclear apoptosis and muscle catabolism. Some data suggest that NF-κB may play a role in the pathogenesis of inclusion body myositis. Methods: Muscle samples from five patients each with polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and DMD and 10 normal controls were studied by immunocytochemistry and Western blot of nuclear extracts for the activated form of NF-κB. NF-κB DNA binding activity was studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Results: Immunoreactivity for NF-κB was found in the cytoplasm of all regenerating fibers and in 20 to 40% of necrotic fibers. Western blot analysis of nuclear extracts showed a single band corresponding to 65 kd in all patients. EMSA analysis confirmed activation of NF-κB pathway in inflammatory myopathies and, to a lesser extent, also in DMD. Conclusions: These data indicate that nuclear factor-κB pathway is activated in polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. It may play a role in modulating the immune response and in regulating myogenesis and muscle repair.

Activation of nuclear factor-κB in inflammatory myopathies and Duchenne muscular dystrophy

MAZZEO A
Membro del Collaboration Group
;
AGUENNOUZ, M'hammed
Investigation
;
AND VITA G.
Writing – Original Draft Preparation
2003

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the immunolocalization and activation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) in polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Background: NF-κB is a major transcription factor modulating the cellular immune, inflammatory, and proliferative responses. In skeletal muscle it was demonstrated to play a role in the expression of inducible genes in response to oxidative stress and ischemia/reperfusion injury, and also in myonuclear apoptosis and muscle catabolism. Some data suggest that NF-κB may play a role in the pathogenesis of inclusion body myositis. Methods: Muscle samples from five patients each with polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and DMD and 10 normal controls were studied by immunocytochemistry and Western blot of nuclear extracts for the activated form of NF-κB. NF-κB DNA binding activity was studied by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA). Results: Immunoreactivity for NF-κB was found in the cytoplasm of all regenerating fibers and in 20 to 40% of necrotic fibers. Western blot analysis of nuclear extracts showed a single band corresponding to 65 kd in all patients. EMSA analysis confirmed activation of NF-κB pathway in inflammatory myopathies and, to a lesser extent, also in DMD. Conclusions: These data indicate that nuclear factor-κB pathway is activated in polymyositis, dermatomyositis, and Duchenne muscular dystrophy. It may play a role in modulating the immune response and in regulating myogenesis and muscle repair.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/12933
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