The free energy of the solid and fluid phases of the Girifalco C-60 model are determined through extensive Monte Carlo simulations. In this model the molecules interact through a spherical pair potential, characterized by a narrow and attractive well, adjacent to a harshly repulsive core. We have used the Widom test particle method and a mapping from an Einstein crystal in order to estimate the absolute free energy in the fluid and solid phases, respectively; we have then determined the free energy along several isotherms, and the whole phase diagram, by means of standard thermodynamic integrations. The dependence of the simulation's results on the size of the sample is also monitored in a number of cases. We highlight how the interplay between the liquid-vapor and the liquid-solid coexistence conditions determines the existence of a narrow liquid pocket in the phase diagram, whose stability is assessed and confirmed in agreement with previous studies. In particular, the critical temperature follows closely an extended corresponding-state rule recently outlined by Noro and Frenkel [J. Chem. Phys. 113, 2941 (2000)]. We discuss the emerging "energetic" properties of the system, which drive the phase behavior in systems interacting through short-range forces [A. A. Louis, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 359, 939 (2001)], in order to explain the discrepancy between the predictions of several structural indicators and the results of full free energy calculations, to locate the fluid phase boundaries. More generally, we aim to provide extended reference data for calculations of the free energy of the C-60 fullerite in the low temperature regime, as for the determination of the phase diagram of higher order C-n>60 fullerenes and other fullerene-related materials, whose description is based on the same model adopted in this work.

Free energy determination of phase coexistence in model C-60: A comprehensive Monte Carlo study

COSTA, Dino;PELLICANE, Giuseppe;ABRAMO, Maria Concetta;CACCAMO, Carlo
2003

Abstract

The free energy of the solid and fluid phases of the Girifalco C-60 model are determined through extensive Monte Carlo simulations. In this model the molecules interact through a spherical pair potential, characterized by a narrow and attractive well, adjacent to a harshly repulsive core. We have used the Widom test particle method and a mapping from an Einstein crystal in order to estimate the absolute free energy in the fluid and solid phases, respectively; we have then determined the free energy along several isotherms, and the whole phase diagram, by means of standard thermodynamic integrations. The dependence of the simulation's results on the size of the sample is also monitored in a number of cases. We highlight how the interplay between the liquid-vapor and the liquid-solid coexistence conditions determines the existence of a narrow liquid pocket in the phase diagram, whose stability is assessed and confirmed in agreement with previous studies. In particular, the critical temperature follows closely an extended corresponding-state rule recently outlined by Noro and Frenkel [J. Chem. Phys. 113, 2941 (2000)]. We discuss the emerging "energetic" properties of the system, which drive the phase behavior in systems interacting through short-range forces [A. A. Louis, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 359, 939 (2001)], in order to explain the discrepancy between the predictions of several structural indicators and the results of full free energy calculations, to locate the fluid phase boundaries. More generally, we aim to provide extended reference data for calculations of the free energy of the C-60 fullerite in the low temperature regime, as for the determination of the phase diagram of higher order C-n>60 fullerenes and other fullerene-related materials, whose description is based on the same model adopted in this work.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1581421
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