EPS-1 is a novel extracellular polysaccharide produced by a strain of thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis, isolated from a shallow marine hot spring of Vulcano Island (Italy). In this paper, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects of EPS-1 were evaluated. It was found that EPS-1 treatment impaired HSV-2 replication in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) but not in WISH cells. Since several cytokines modulate the immune response to viruses, Th1- and Th2-type cytokines were assayed in supernatants of PBMC in different experimental conditions. EPS-1 induced IL-12, IFN-gamma, IFN-alpha, TNF-alpha and IL-18, but not IL-4. Thus, the antiviral effect of EPS-1 on PBMC seems to be related to the pattern of cytokines induced. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Antiviral and immunoregulatory effect of a novel exopolysaccharide from a marine thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis

ARENA, Adriana;MAUGERI, Teresa Luciana;IANNELLO, Daniela;GUGLIANDOLO, Concetta;BISIGNANO, Giuseppe Giov.
2006

Abstract

EPS-1 is a novel extracellular polysaccharide produced by a strain of thermotolerant Bacillus licheniformis, isolated from a shallow marine hot spring of Vulcano Island (Italy). In this paper, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects of EPS-1 were evaluated. It was found that EPS-1 treatment impaired HSV-2 replication in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) but not in WISH cells. Since several cytokines modulate the immune response to viruses, Th1- and Th2-type cytokines were assayed in supernatants of PBMC in different experimental conditions. EPS-1 induced IL-12, IFN-gamma, IFN-alpha, TNF-alpha and IL-18, but not IL-4. Thus, the antiviral effect of EPS-1 on PBMC seems to be related to the pattern of cytokines induced. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/1891794
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 30
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 131
social impact