A separation/identification protocol based on RP-LC-DAD–ESI-MS–MS has been employed for the characterisation of the flavonoid fraction of the juice from tangelos (Citrus reticulata × Citrus paradisi) grown in Southern Italy. Eleven compounds were identified in a single chromatographic course. Of these, two C-glycosyl flavones (lucenin-2 and vicenin-2) and an O-triglycosyl flavanone (narirutin 4′-O-glucoside) were identified for the first time. Fruit juice antioxidant activity was evaluated on the basis of its ability to scavenge DPPHradical dot, O2radical dot−, OHradical dot and ABTSradical dot+ radicals, and to reduce iron (FRAP). Moreover, the influence of the identified polymethoxylated, C- and O-glycosyl flavonoids on the total antioxidant activity has been elucidated. We also checked the antimicrobial activity of a broad fraction, containing all the detected flavonoids obtained by preparative HPLC, in terms of MICs for Staphylococcus aureus.

Polymethoxylated, C- and O-glycosyl flavonoids in Tangelo (C. reticulata × C. paradisi) juice and their influence on antioxidant properties.

BARRECA, Davide;BISIGNANO, CARLO;GINESTRA, GIOVANNA;BISIGNANO, Giuseppe Giov.;BELLOCCO, Ersilia Santa;LEUZZI, Ugo;GATTUSO, Giuseppe
2013

Abstract

A separation/identification protocol based on RP-LC-DAD–ESI-MS–MS has been employed for the characterisation of the flavonoid fraction of the juice from tangelos (Citrus reticulata × Citrus paradisi) grown in Southern Italy. Eleven compounds were identified in a single chromatographic course. Of these, two C-glycosyl flavones (lucenin-2 and vicenin-2) and an O-triglycosyl flavanone (narirutin 4′-O-glucoside) were identified for the first time. Fruit juice antioxidant activity was evaluated on the basis of its ability to scavenge DPPHradical dot, O2radical dot−, OHradical dot and ABTSradical dot+ radicals, and to reduce iron (FRAP). Moreover, the influence of the identified polymethoxylated, C- and O-glycosyl flavonoids on the total antioxidant activity has been elucidated. We also checked the antimicrobial activity of a broad fraction, containing all the detected flavonoids obtained by preparative HPLC, in terms of MICs for Staphylococcus aureus.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2554456
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