In this study, the essential oil of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle was extracted by hydrodistillation and, after chemical characterization, was evaluated for its antimicrobial activity on a representative range of ATCC and clinical strains. The chemical composition of the volatile fraction of key lime oil was determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated on a representative range of Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts, including ATCC and clinical strains, by the disc diffusion method and the broth microdilution method. The major components of lime essential oil proved to be β-pinene (12.6%), limonene (53.8%), γ-terpinene (16.5%), terpinolene (0.6%), α-terpineol (0.4%) and citral (2.5%), which are very likely responsible for the good antimicrobial activity, in particular on Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis). © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.

Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle essential oil from Italian organic crops

COSTA, ROSARIA;BISIGNANO, CARLO;FILOCAMO, ANGELA;OCCHIUTO, Francesco;SPADARO, FEDERICA
2014

Abstract

In this study, the essential oil of Citrus aurantifolia (Christm.) Swingle was extracted by hydrodistillation and, after chemical characterization, was evaluated for its antimicrobial activity on a representative range of ATCC and clinical strains. The chemical composition of the volatile fraction of key lime oil was determined using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and GC-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The antimicrobial activity of the oil was evaluated on a representative range of Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria and yeasts, including ATCC and clinical strains, by the disc diffusion method and the broth microdilution method. The major components of lime essential oil proved to be β-pinene (12.6%), limonene (53.8%), γ-terpinene (16.5%), terpinolene (0.6%), α-terpineol (0.4%) and citral (2.5%), which are very likely responsible for the good antimicrobial activity, in particular on Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus epidermidis). © 2014 © 2014 Taylor & Francis.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2863168
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 29
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 29
social impact