To date cytokines profile in AEDS is poorly described in children. We evaluated the interleukin (IL)-17, IL-23, and IL-10 levels in atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) children and healthy controls, in atopic AEDS (aAEDS) and nonatopic (naAEDS) subtypes and their relationship with disease severity. A total of 181 children with aAEDS and 93 healthy children were evaluated. According to the skin-prick test (SPT) for allergens and serum total IgE, all patients were subdivided in two groups: 104 aAEDS and 77 naAEDS. In all patients, serum IL-17, IL-23, and IL-10 levels were detected. Serum IL-17 and IL-23 levels were significantly higher, and serum IL-10 levels were significantly lower in AEDS children than healthy group (p 0.001). Moreover, serum IL-17 and IL-23 levels were significantly higher in aAEDS than in naAEDS subtypes (p 0.001). Differently, serum IL-10 levels resulted similar in both subtypes. There was a correlation between Score Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index and both IL-17 and IL-23 and an inverse correlation between SCORAD index and IL-10 in aAEDS and naAEDS types. Serum IL-17 and IL-23 values were positively related to total IgE levels (p 0.0001) in aAEDS. Further increase of IL-17 and IL-23 levels was detected in aAEDS subjects with atopic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis than children with only allergic sensitization. Our study confirms the role of IL-17, IL-23, and IL-10 and their relationship with the severity of AEDS. We firstly found a correlation between high IL-17/IL-23 axis levels and different phenotypes of AEDS in children, suggesting its role as marker of “atopic march” and disease severity

Serum interleukin 17, interleukin 23, and interleukin 10 values in children with atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS): Association with clinical severity and phenotype.

MANTI, SARA;BORGIA, Francesco;BRIUGLIA, Silvana;Salpietro A
;
ARRIGO, Teresa;SALPIETRO DAMIANO, Carmelo
Ultimo
2015

Abstract

To date cytokines profile in AEDS is poorly described in children. We evaluated the interleukin (IL)-17, IL-23, and IL-10 levels in atopic eczema/dermatitis syndrome (AEDS) children and healthy controls, in atopic AEDS (aAEDS) and nonatopic (naAEDS) subtypes and their relationship with disease severity. A total of 181 children with aAEDS and 93 healthy children were evaluated. According to the skin-prick test (SPT) for allergens and serum total IgE, all patients were subdivided in two groups: 104 aAEDS and 77 naAEDS. In all patients, serum IL-17, IL-23, and IL-10 levels were detected. Serum IL-17 and IL-23 levels were significantly higher, and serum IL-10 levels were significantly lower in AEDS children than healthy group (p 0.001). Moreover, serum IL-17 and IL-23 levels were significantly higher in aAEDS than in naAEDS subtypes (p 0.001). Differently, serum IL-10 levels resulted similar in both subtypes. There was a correlation between Score Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index and both IL-17 and IL-23 and an inverse correlation between SCORAD index and IL-10 in aAEDS and naAEDS types. Serum IL-17 and IL-23 values were positively related to total IgE levels (p 0.0001) in aAEDS. Further increase of IL-17 and IL-23 levels was detected in aAEDS subjects with atopic diseases such as asthma and rhinitis than children with only allergic sensitization. Our study confirms the role of IL-17, IL-23, and IL-10 and their relationship with the severity of AEDS. We firstly found a correlation between high IL-17/IL-23 axis levels and different phenotypes of AEDS in children, suggesting its role as marker of “atopic march” and disease severity
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3013575
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