BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Young cigarette smokers may already present with early signs of vascular inflammation and damage; biglycan (BGN) has been shown to play a critical role in the initiation and progression of vascular lesions, also in young smokers. We investigated whether after smoke cessation, monocyte BGN expression is reduced; moreover, we evaluated any improvement of pro-atherogenic profile and arterial stiffness (AS), and their relationship with BGN in abstinent smokers. METHODS: Two-hundred-fifty-one young people who had decided to quit smoking were enrolled; of these, 71 had completed the 12-month observation period maintaining smoking abstinence. At enrollment and 12 months later, we evaluated anthropometrics, laboratory profile, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), BGN expression. RESULTS: After 12-month smoke abstinence, we found a significant decrease in inflammatory markers (Hs-CRP: -23.3%; fibrinogen: -11.8%; IL-6: -9.2%), and increased HDL-C levels (+9.3%); blood pressure values were also slightly reduced. cf-PWV (-8.9%) appeared to be improved; cIMT remained unchanged. BGN expression appeared to be reduced (-42.8% relative reduction). BGN reduction appeared to be associated with fibrinogen reduction, and smoking burden. Reduced cf-PWV appeared to be dependent on change in fibrinogen, SBP, IL-6, and BGN by multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: After the first year of smoke abstinence, the levels of IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen, HDL-C, and BGN expression, as well cf-PWV, are significantly improved as compared to baseline. This is the first evidence that removing exposure to a well-known cardiovascular risk factor, such as cigarette smoking, leads to significant reduction of BGN expression.

Biglycan expression, earlier vascular damage and pro-atherogenic profile improvement after smoke cessation in young people.

MANDRAFFINO, GIUSEPPE
Primo
;
ARAGONA, CATERINA ORIANA;Scuruchi, Michele;MAMONE, FEDERICA;D'ASCOLA, ANGELA;ALIBRANDI, Angela;CINQUEGRANI, Maurizio;MORACE, Carmela;ORETO, LILIA;SAITTA, CARLO;MORMINA, ENRICOMARIA;CARERJ, Scipione;SAITTA, Antonino;Imbalzano, E.
Ultimo
2017

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Young cigarette smokers may already present with early signs of vascular inflammation and damage; biglycan (BGN) has been shown to play a critical role in the initiation and progression of vascular lesions, also in young smokers. We investigated whether after smoke cessation, monocyte BGN expression is reduced; moreover, we evaluated any improvement of pro-atherogenic profile and arterial stiffness (AS), and their relationship with BGN in abstinent smokers. METHODS: Two-hundred-fifty-one young people who had decided to quit smoking were enrolled; of these, 71 had completed the 12-month observation period maintaining smoking abstinence. At enrollment and 12 months later, we evaluated anthropometrics, laboratory profile, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV), carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT), BGN expression. RESULTS: After 12-month smoke abstinence, we found a significant decrease in inflammatory markers (Hs-CRP: -23.3%; fibrinogen: -11.8%; IL-6: -9.2%), and increased HDL-C levels (+9.3%); blood pressure values were also slightly reduced. cf-PWV (-8.9%) appeared to be improved; cIMT remained unchanged. BGN expression appeared to be reduced (-42.8% relative reduction). BGN reduction appeared to be associated with fibrinogen reduction, and smoking burden. Reduced cf-PWV appeared to be dependent on change in fibrinogen, SBP, IL-6, and BGN by multiple regression analysis. CONCLUSIONS: After the first year of smoke abstinence, the levels of IL-6, CRP, fibrinogen, HDL-C, and BGN expression, as well cf-PWV, are significantly improved as compared to baseline. This is the first evidence that removing exposure to a well-known cardiovascular risk factor, such as cigarette smoking, leads to significant reduction of BGN expression.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3103537
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