BACKGROUND: IL-33 belongs to the IL-1 family, playing a role in several biologic processes as well as in the pathogenesis of different diseases, including skin pathologies. It acts as an alarmin, released by damaged cells. Binding to a ST2 receptor, it stimulates many immune cells such as ILC2 and Th2 cells. IL-33/ST2 axis seems to be involved in Th17 response. According to this, a review was performed to analyze if IL-33 even interplay in the onset of psoriasis, a Th1/Th17 inflammatory disease. METHODS: Data obtained from the included articles are study author name, publication date, group studied, clinical and biological variables, laboratory tests, and outcome of interest of the study. RESULTS: Data are obtained from the 19 studies identified, which assessed the association between IL-33 and psoriasis. DISCUSSION: It seems to promote the innate-adaptive immune crosstalk: it could induce mast cells and neutrophil response after being released by injured keratinocytes and after stimulation by some cytokines, in particular TNFα, INFγ, and IL-17A. In addition, it seems to be involved from the onset of disease to the development of comorbidities, as psoriatic arthritis. CONCLUSION: The core of the future research on psoriasis could be to fully understand the role of this complex cytokine, in order also to find a new therapeutic approach.

Possible roles of il-33 in the innate-Adaptive immune crosstalk of psoriasis pathogenesis

Cannavo S. P.
Primo
;
Bertino L.;Papaianni V.;Ventura-Spagnolo E.;Gangemi S.
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

BACKGROUND: IL-33 belongs to the IL-1 family, playing a role in several biologic processes as well as in the pathogenesis of different diseases, including skin pathologies. It acts as an alarmin, released by damaged cells. Binding to a ST2 receptor, it stimulates many immune cells such as ILC2 and Th2 cells. IL-33/ST2 axis seems to be involved in Th17 response. According to this, a review was performed to analyze if IL-33 even interplay in the onset of psoriasis, a Th1/Th17 inflammatory disease. METHODS: Data obtained from the included articles are study author name, publication date, group studied, clinical and biological variables, laboratory tests, and outcome of interest of the study. RESULTS: Data are obtained from the 19 studies identified, which assessed the association between IL-33 and psoriasis. DISCUSSION: It seems to promote the innate-adaptive immune crosstalk: it could induce mast cells and neutrophil response after being released by injured keratinocytes and after stimulation by some cytokines, in particular TNFα, INFγ, and IL-17A. In addition, it seems to be involved from the onset of disease to the development of comorbidities, as psoriatic arthritis. CONCLUSION: The core of the future research on psoriasis could be to fully understand the role of this complex cytokine, in order also to find a new therapeutic approach.
2019
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3147186
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