Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) acts as a negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling and is crucially involved in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Pursuing our efforts to identify PTP1B inhibitors endowed with drug-like properties, we designed and evaluated 3-aryl-5-arylidene-2-thioxo-4-imidazolidinones (7) as a novel class of non-carboxylate PTP1B inhibitors. In agreement with our design, kinetic studies demonstrated that selected compounds 7 act as reversible, non-competitive inhibitors of the target enzyme at low micromolar concentrations. Accordingly, molecular docking experiments suggested that these inhibitors can fit an allosteric site of PTP1B that we previously individuated. Moreover, cellular assays demonstrated that compound 7e acts as a potent insulin-sensitizing agent in human liver HepG2 cells. Taken together, our results showed that these non-competitive PTP1B inhibitors can be considered promising lead compounds aimed to enhance druggability of the target enzyme and identify novel antidiabetic drugs.

Design and evaluation of non-carboxylate 5-arylidene-2-thioxo-4-imidazolidinones as novel non-competitive inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B

Rosaria Ottanà
Co-primo
;
Ilenia Adornato;Santo Previti;Rosanna Maccari
Ultimo
2019-01-01

Abstract

Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) acts as a negative regulator of insulin and leptin signalling and is crucially involved in the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. Pursuing our efforts to identify PTP1B inhibitors endowed with drug-like properties, we designed and evaluated 3-aryl-5-arylidene-2-thioxo-4-imidazolidinones (7) as a novel class of non-carboxylate PTP1B inhibitors. In agreement with our design, kinetic studies demonstrated that selected compounds 7 act as reversible, non-competitive inhibitors of the target enzyme at low micromolar concentrations. Accordingly, molecular docking experiments suggested that these inhibitors can fit an allosteric site of PTP1B that we previously individuated. Moreover, cellular assays demonstrated that compound 7e acts as a potent insulin-sensitizing agent in human liver HepG2 cells. Taken together, our results showed that these non-competitive PTP1B inhibitors can be considered promising lead compounds aimed to enhance druggability of the target enzyme and identify novel antidiabetic drugs.
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Descrizione: Design and evaluation of non-carboxylate 5-arylidene-2-thioxo-4- imidazolidinones as novel non-competitive inhibitors of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3148427
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