The constant exposure of ocular surface to external environment and then to several microbial agents is often related to the pathogenesis of various inflammatory eye disorders. In the present study α-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA) and Langerin CD/207 expression and function was investigated in a rabbit corneal keratitis. The inflammation was induced by the secreted form of glycoprotein B (gB1s) of HSV-1, in an ex vivo rabbit corneal model. α-SMA is often used as a marker for myofibroblasts. In this study, for the first time, we show α-SMA positive corneal epithelial cells, during HSV-1 cornea inflammation, demonstrating a crucial role in wound healing, especially during remodeling phase. Furthermore, we show the presence of Dendritic Cells Langerin CD/207 positive, located mainly in the basal epithelial layer and in corneal stroma during the inflammatory processes. Our result validating the ex vivo organotypic rabbit corneal model, for the study about pathogenesis of HSV-1 ocular infection.

Expression of Langerin/CD 207 and α-smooth muscle actin in ex vivo rabbit corneal keratitis model

Pergolizzi S.;Marino A.;Capillo G.
;
Aragona M.;Lauriano E. R.
2020

Abstract

The constant exposure of ocular surface to external environment and then to several microbial agents is often related to the pathogenesis of various inflammatory eye disorders. In the present study α-Smooth Muscle Actin (α-SMA) and Langerin CD/207 expression and function was investigated in a rabbit corneal keratitis. The inflammation was induced by the secreted form of glycoprotein B (gB1s) of HSV-1, in an ex vivo rabbit corneal model. α-SMA is often used as a marker for myofibroblasts. In this study, for the first time, we show α-SMA positive corneal epithelial cells, during HSV-1 cornea inflammation, demonstrating a crucial role in wound healing, especially during remodeling phase. Furthermore, we show the presence of Dendritic Cells Langerin CD/207 positive, located mainly in the basal epithelial layer and in corneal stroma during the inflammatory processes. Our result validating the ex vivo organotypic rabbit corneal model, for the study about pathogenesis of HSV-1 ocular infection.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3168944
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