Coffee beans contain several compounds which have shown nutraceutial properties; among them chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are the most studied, have shown nutraceutical properties. These molecules are also present in the waste by-product known as spent coffee grounds (SCG). SCG are generated during the production of coffee drink, whereby roasted, ground coffee beans are heat or steam treated. A HPLC-PDA/ESI-MS method has been developed for the analysis of the most representative CGAs in SCG samples using a green extraction approach based on deep eutectic solvents (DESs). We examined fifteen different DESs based on choline chloride and betaine as hydrogen bond acceptor in combination with different hydrogen bond donors being seven alcohols, two organic acids, one sugar and urea. Fifteen CGAs were detected, identified and quantified for the evaluation of extraction efficiency. A betaine-based DES with triethylene glycol (molar ratio 1:2) was the most effective one at extracting CGAs from SCG also compared to a conventional organic solvent. Thirty percent of water added to DES and sample to solvent ratio 1:15 (g/mL) were selected as the best extraction conditions. The chromatographic method was validated studying LOD, LOQ, retention time and peak area precision, and linearity range. Retention time and peak area repeatability were determined obtaining RSDs values below 0.63 % and 8.51 %, respectively. Inter-day precision was determined obtaining RSDs value below 0.58 % and 8.80 % for retention time and peak area, respectively.

Choline-chloride and betaine-based deep eutectic solvents for green extraction of nutraceutical compounds from spent coffee ground

Fanali C.
;
Dugo L.;Mondello L.;
2020

Abstract

Coffee beans contain several compounds which have shown nutraceutial properties; among them chlorogenic acids (CGAs) are the most studied, have shown nutraceutical properties. These molecules are also present in the waste by-product known as spent coffee grounds (SCG). SCG are generated during the production of coffee drink, whereby roasted, ground coffee beans are heat or steam treated. A HPLC-PDA/ESI-MS method has been developed for the analysis of the most representative CGAs in SCG samples using a green extraction approach based on deep eutectic solvents (DESs). We examined fifteen different DESs based on choline chloride and betaine as hydrogen bond acceptor in combination with different hydrogen bond donors being seven alcohols, two organic acids, one sugar and urea. Fifteen CGAs were detected, identified and quantified for the evaluation of extraction efficiency. A betaine-based DES with triethylene glycol (molar ratio 1:2) was the most effective one at extracting CGAs from SCG also compared to a conventional organic solvent. Thirty percent of water added to DES and sample to solvent ratio 1:15 (g/mL) were selected as the best extraction conditions. The chromatographic method was validated studying LOD, LOQ, retention time and peak area precision, and linearity range. Retention time and peak area repeatability were determined obtaining RSDs values below 0.63 % and 8.51 %, respectively. Inter-day precision was determined obtaining RSDs value below 0.58 % and 8.80 % for retention time and peak area, respectively.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3176198
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