Purpose: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy represents a therapeutic option for neuroendocrine neoplasms; to date, experiences with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms are still limited. We report our experience with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm patients. Materials and Methods: Clinical records of 14 pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm patients (7 female and 7 male) who received at least 2 cycles of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Tumoural uptake of somatostatin analogues at pre-treatment imaging was graded as 2 to 3 in all patients. RECIST criteria were used to evaluate response. Results: No treated patient had significant toxicity. Partial response was found in 3 (21.4%) patients, stable disease in 7 (50%), and progressive disease in 4 (28.6%). A statistically significant difference between disease state at enrolment and after peptide receptor radionuclide therapy was found. Conclusions: Our data furtherly support peptide receptor radionuclide therapy as a safe and effective treatment of patients affected by pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms allowing disease control in about 71% of patients without showing significant toxicity. Other studies are needed to confirm our results.

Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy of Pulmonary Neuroendocrine Neoplasms: a Single-Centre Experience

Minutoli F.
Primo
;
Laudicella R.
;
Vento A.;Baldari S.
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

Purpose: Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy represents a therapeutic option for neuroendocrine neoplasms; to date, experiences with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms are still limited. We report our experience with peptide receptor radionuclide therapy of pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm patients. Materials and Methods: Clinical records of 14 pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasm patients (7 female and 7 male) who received at least 2 cycles of peptide receptor radionuclide therapy were retrospectively reviewed. Tumoural uptake of somatostatin analogues at pre-treatment imaging was graded as 2 to 3 in all patients. RECIST criteria were used to evaluate response. Results: No treated patient had significant toxicity. Partial response was found in 3 (21.4%) patients, stable disease in 7 (50%), and progressive disease in 4 (28.6%). A statistically significant difference between disease state at enrolment and after peptide receptor radionuclide therapy was found. Conclusions: Our data furtherly support peptide receptor radionuclide therapy as a safe and effective treatment of patients affected by pulmonary neuroendocrine neoplasms allowing disease control in about 71% of patients without showing significant toxicity. Other studies are needed to confirm our results.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3193917
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