Oral mucositis is a side effect hard to treat following high dose chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Adenosine A2A receptor stimulation blocks NF-κB and boosts the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, thus blunting inflammation and triggering growth factor codifying genes. Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is a registered drug that activates the A2A receptor. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate PDRN effects in an “in vitro” model of oral mucositis induced by prompting an inflammatory phenotype in human gingival fibroblasts (GF) and human oral mucosal epithelial cells (EC). GF and EC were stimulated with LPS (2 μg/ml) alone or in combination with i) PDRN (100 μg/ml); ii) PDRN plus ZM241385 (1 μM) as an A2AR antagonist; iii) CGS21680 (1 μM) as an A2AR agonist. LPS boosted NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-6 expression, decreased IL-10 levels and downregulated both Wnt/β-catenin, VEGF and EGF expression. PDRN reverted the LPS-induced phenotype as well as CGS21680. Co-incubation with ZM241385 abolished PDRN effects, thus confirming A2A receptor involvement in PDRN mechanism of action. These results suggest that PDRN efficacy may be due to a “dual mode” of action: NF-κB inhibition and Wnt/β-catenin signaling activation. However, these interesting findings need to be confirmed by animal and clinical studies.

PDRN, a natural bioactive compound, blunts inflammation and positively reprograms healing genes in an “in vitro” model of oral mucositis

Picciolo G.;Mannino F.;Irrera N.;Altavilla D.;Minutoli L.;Vaccaro M.;Arcoraci V.;Squadrito V.;Picciolo G.;Squadrito F.;Pallio G.
2021-01-01

Abstract

Oral mucositis is a side effect hard to treat following high dose chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Adenosine A2A receptor stimulation blocks NF-κB and boosts the Wnt/β-catenin signaling, thus blunting inflammation and triggering growth factor codifying genes. Polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) is a registered drug that activates the A2A receptor. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate PDRN effects in an “in vitro” model of oral mucositis induced by prompting an inflammatory phenotype in human gingival fibroblasts (GF) and human oral mucosal epithelial cells (EC). GF and EC were stimulated with LPS (2 μg/ml) alone or in combination with i) PDRN (100 μg/ml); ii) PDRN plus ZM241385 (1 μM) as an A2AR antagonist; iii) CGS21680 (1 μM) as an A2AR agonist. LPS boosted NF-κB, TNF-α and IL-6 expression, decreased IL-10 levels and downregulated both Wnt/β-catenin, VEGF and EGF expression. PDRN reverted the LPS-induced phenotype as well as CGS21680. Co-incubation with ZM241385 abolished PDRN effects, thus confirming A2A receptor involvement in PDRN mechanism of action. These results suggest that PDRN efficacy may be due to a “dual mode” of action: NF-κB inhibition and Wnt/β-catenin signaling activation. However, these interesting findings need to be confirmed by animal and clinical studies.
2021
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3208140
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