In this paper we investigated the in vitro potential beneficial effects of the anthocyanin cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) on inflammation and insulin resistance markers induced by palmitic acid (PA) in human SGBS adipocytes. Results demonstrated that PA reduced insulin sensitivity in SGBS cells with a significant inhibition of Akt phosphorylation, with a higher sensitivity to PA than murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes, GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 glucose transporters and the enzyme hexokinase-II. C3G pretreatment (1-20 μM) reverted these effects. Moreover, we demonstrated, for the first time in human adipocytes, that cells exposure to PA induced gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1. Cells pretreatment with C3G resulted in a reduction in mRNA levels starting at very low concentrations (1 μM). In conclusion, this study highlights the effects of PA on inflammation and insulin resistance markers in human adipocytes, and confirm the role of C3G in the prevention of lipotoxicity in dysfunctional adipocytes.

In Vitro Effects of Cyanidin-3-O-Glucoside on Inflammatory and Insulin-Sensitizing Genes in Human Adipocytes Exposed to Palmitic Acid

Molonia, Maria Sofia
Primo
;
Speciale, Antonio
;
Muscarà, Claudia;Saija, Antonella;Cimino, Francesco
Ultimo
2021

Abstract

In this paper we investigated the in vitro potential beneficial effects of the anthocyanin cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) on inflammation and insulin resistance markers induced by palmitic acid (PA) in human SGBS adipocytes. Results demonstrated that PA reduced insulin sensitivity in SGBS cells with a significant inhibition of Akt phosphorylation, with a higher sensitivity to PA than murine 3T3-L1 adipocytes, GLUT-1 and GLUT-4 glucose transporters and the enzyme hexokinase-II. C3G pretreatment (1-20 μM) reverted these effects. Moreover, we demonstrated, for the first time in human adipocytes, that cells exposure to PA induced gene expression of proinflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-6, IL-8, and MCP-1. Cells pretreatment with C3G resulted in a reduction in mRNA levels starting at very low concentrations (1 μM). In conclusion, this study highlights the effects of PA on inflammation and insulin resistance markers in human adipocytes, and confirm the role of C3G in the prevention of lipotoxicity in dysfunctional adipocytes.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11570/3212066
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