A current issue of antimicrobial therapy is the resistance to treatment with worldwide consequences. Thus, the identification of innovative targets is an intriguing challenge in the drug and development process aimed at newer antimicrobial agents. The state-of-art of anticholera therapy might comprise the reduction of the expression of cholera toxin, which could be reached through the inhibition of carbonic anhydrases expressed in Vibrio cholerae (VchCAα, VchCAβ, and VchCAγ). Therefore, we focused our interest on the exploitation of sulfonamides as VchCA inhibitors. We planned to design and synthesize new benzenesulfonamides based on our knowledge of the VchCA catalytic site. The synthesized compounds were tested thus collecting useful SAR information. From our investigation, we identified new potent VchCA inhibitors, some of them displayed high affinity toward VchCAγ class, for which few inhibitors are currently reported in literature. The best interesting VchCAγ inhibitor (S)-N-(1-oxo-1-((4-sulfamoylbenzyl)amino)propan-2-yl)furan-2-carboxamide (40) resulted more active and selective inhibitor when compared with acetazolamide (AAZ) as well as previously reported VchCA inhibitors.

4-Sulfamoylphenylalkylamides as Inhibitors of Carbonic Anhydrases Expressed in Vibrio cholerae

Mancuso F.;De Luca L.;Bucolo F.;Supuran C. T.;Gitto R.
2021

Abstract

A current issue of antimicrobial therapy is the resistance to treatment with worldwide consequences. Thus, the identification of innovative targets is an intriguing challenge in the drug and development process aimed at newer antimicrobial agents. The state-of-art of anticholera therapy might comprise the reduction of the expression of cholera toxin, which could be reached through the inhibition of carbonic anhydrases expressed in Vibrio cholerae (VchCAα, VchCAβ, and VchCAγ). Therefore, we focused our interest on the exploitation of sulfonamides as VchCA inhibitors. We planned to design and synthesize new benzenesulfonamides based on our knowledge of the VchCA catalytic site. The synthesized compounds were tested thus collecting useful SAR information. From our investigation, we identified new potent VchCA inhibitors, some of them displayed high affinity toward VchCAγ class, for which few inhibitors are currently reported in literature. The best interesting VchCAγ inhibitor (S)-N-(1-oxo-1-((4-sulfamoylbenzyl)amino)propan-2-yl)furan-2-carboxamide (40) resulted more active and selective inhibitor when compared with acetazolamide (AAZ) as well as previously reported VchCA inhibitors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3217716
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