Objectives Although expert consensus recommendations suggest 2-3 h as the time interval between bone-seeking radiotracers injection and acquisition, it has been reported that images obtained early after [Tc-99m]Tc-HMDP administration are sufficient to diagnose cardiac amyloidosis. We evaluated the diagnostic performance of [Tc-99m]Tc-DPD early phase whole body scan with respect to late phase imaging. Methods We qualitatively and semiquantitatively reviewed [Tc-99m]Tc-DPD imaging of 53 patients referred for suspect cardiac amyloidosis. Findings of early and late phase images were compared with SPECT results (considered the standard-of-reference) determining sensitivity and specificity for visual analysis of each phase imaging and for each semiquantitative index. Results SPECT imaging was negative for cardiac accumulation in 25 patients and positive in 28. Visual analysis of early phase whole body scan had an extremely significant capability to predict SPECT results; nevertheless, complete agreement was not reached. Visual analysis of late phase imaging showed slightly better results. Semiquantitative analysis of early phase images, namely heart to mediastinum ratio, performed better than semiquantitative analysis of late phase images. Conclusion Visual analysis of [Tc-99m]Tc-DPD early phase whole body scan is promising in diagnosing cardiac amyloidosis; further studies are needed to confirm our results in different clinical scenarios.
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