Background and Aim: Postoperative recurrence (POR) following ileocolonic resection is a major concern in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The role of ustekinumab (UST) in this setting is poorly known. Methods: All consecutive CD patients with a baseline colonoscopy at 6–12 months from ileocolonic resection showing POR (Rutgeerts score ≥ i2) who were treated with UST after the baseline colonoscopy and with an available post-treatment endoscopy, were extracted from the cohort of the Sicilian Network for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (SN-IBD). The primary outcome was endoscopic success, defined as reduction of at least one point of Rutgeerts score. The secondary outcome was clinical success, assessed at the end of follow-up. Reasons for clinical failure included mild clinical relapse (Harvey–Bradshaw index 5–7), clinically relevant relapse (Harvey–Bradshaw index > 7), and need for new resection. Results: Forty-four patients were included (mean follow-up: 17.8 ± 8.4 months). The baseline postoperative colonoscopy showed severe POR (Rutgeerts score i3 or i4) in 75.0% of patients. The post-treatment colonoscopy was performed after a mean of 14.5 ± 5.5 months following initiation of UST. Endoscopic success was reported in 22 out of 44 (50.0%) patients, of whom 12 (27.3%) achieved a Rutgeerts score i0 or i1. Clinical success at the end of follow-up was reported in 32 out of 44 patients (72.7%); none of the 12 patients with clinical failure had achieved endoscopic success at post-treatment colonoscopy. Conclusions: Ustekinumab could be a promising option for the treatment of POR of CD.

Ustekinumab is a promising option for the treatment of postoperative recurrence of Crohn's disease

Fries W.;Viola A.;
2023-01-01

Abstract

Background and Aim: Postoperative recurrence (POR) following ileocolonic resection is a major concern in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). The role of ustekinumab (UST) in this setting is poorly known. Methods: All consecutive CD patients with a baseline colonoscopy at 6–12 months from ileocolonic resection showing POR (Rutgeerts score ≥ i2) who were treated with UST after the baseline colonoscopy and with an available post-treatment endoscopy, were extracted from the cohort of the Sicilian Network for Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (SN-IBD). The primary outcome was endoscopic success, defined as reduction of at least one point of Rutgeerts score. The secondary outcome was clinical success, assessed at the end of follow-up. Reasons for clinical failure included mild clinical relapse (Harvey–Bradshaw index 5–7), clinically relevant relapse (Harvey–Bradshaw index > 7), and need for new resection. Results: Forty-four patients were included (mean follow-up: 17.8 ± 8.4 months). The baseline postoperative colonoscopy showed severe POR (Rutgeerts score i3 or i4) in 75.0% of patients. The post-treatment colonoscopy was performed after a mean of 14.5 ± 5.5 months following initiation of UST. Endoscopic success was reported in 22 out of 44 (50.0%) patients, of whom 12 (27.3%) achieved a Rutgeerts score i0 or i1. Clinical success at the end of follow-up was reported in 32 out of 44 patients (72.7%); none of the 12 patients with clinical failure had achieved endoscopic success at post-treatment colonoscopy. Conclusions: Ustekinumab could be a promising option for the treatment of POR of CD.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3259926
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