The method herein described involves a rapid and limited-volume (0.5 mL of acetonitrile) solvent-extraction sample preparation process, for pesticide determination in hemp seed oil. The extraction method was characterized by the absence of both clean-up or pre-concentration steps. The extracts were directly analyzed through cryogenic-modulation comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. The novelty characterizing the present research [compared to a previous one (Arena et al., 2023)] is related to the extension of the number of pesticides (97), and to the investigation of a more challenging matrix, contained in a vegetable oil of increasing interest among consumers. Linearity, limits of detection and quantification, accuracy, precision, recovery, and matrix effect were measured. Particular emphasis was devoted to the matrix effect, with the co-extracted matrix amount defined. Three international regulations (Canada, California, Europe) were considered, and the obtained limits of quantification were found to be too high in five (Canada) and twelve (Europe) cases, for a total number of 15 pesticides. The analysis of ten commercial samples showed the presence of seven pesticide residues in four of them, at concentration levels ranging from 0.02 to 0.98 mg kg−1, with most over the regulation residue limits.

Direct extraction with acetonitrile of hemp seed oil for the analysis of pesticides by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry

Arena A.;Ferracane A.;Zoccali M.
;
Tranchida P. Q.;Mondello L.
2023-01-01

Abstract

The method herein described involves a rapid and limited-volume (0.5 mL of acetonitrile) solvent-extraction sample preparation process, for pesticide determination in hemp seed oil. The extraction method was characterized by the absence of both clean-up or pre-concentration steps. The extracts were directly analyzed through cryogenic-modulation comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. The novelty characterizing the present research [compared to a previous one (Arena et al., 2023)] is related to the extension of the number of pesticides (97), and to the investigation of a more challenging matrix, contained in a vegetable oil of increasing interest among consumers. Linearity, limits of detection and quantification, accuracy, precision, recovery, and matrix effect were measured. Particular emphasis was devoted to the matrix effect, with the co-extracted matrix amount defined. Three international regulations (Canada, California, Europe) were considered, and the obtained limits of quantification were found to be too high in five (Canada) and twelve (Europe) cases, for a total number of 15 pesticides. The analysis of ten commercial samples showed the presence of seven pesticide residues in four of them, at concentration levels ranging from 0.02 to 0.98 mg kg−1, with most over the regulation residue limits.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3292429
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