Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 2 (KCNQ2) gene has been initially associated with "Benign familial neonatal epilepsy" (BFNE). Amounting evidence arising by next-generation sequencing techniques have led to the definition of new phenotypes, such as neonatal epileptic encephalopathy (NEE), expanding the spectrum of KCNQ2-related epilepsies. Pyridoxine (PN) dependent epilepsies (PDE) are a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders associated with neonatal-onset seizures responsive to treatment with vitamin B6 (VitB6). Few cases of neonatal seizures due to KCNQ2 pathogenic variants have been reported as successfully responding to VitB6. We reported two cases of KCNQ2-related neonatal epilepsies involving a 5-year-old male with a paternally inherited heterozygous mutation (c.1639C>T; p.Arg547Trp), and a 10-year-old female with a de novo heterozygous mutation (c.740C>T; p.Ser247Leu). Both children benefited from VitB6 treatment. Although the mechanisms explaining the efficacy of VitB6 in such patients remain unclear, this treatment option in neonatal-onset seizures is easily taken into account in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). Further studies should be conducted to better define clinical guidelines and treatment protocols.

KCNQ2-Related Neonatal Epilepsy Treated With Vitamin B6: A Report of Two Cases and Literature Review

Amore G;Spoto G;Valentini G;Saia MC;Salpietro V;Di Rosa G;Nicotera AG.
2022-01-01

Abstract

Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 2 (KCNQ2) gene has been initially associated with "Benign familial neonatal epilepsy" (BFNE). Amounting evidence arising by next-generation sequencing techniques have led to the definition of new phenotypes, such as neonatal epileptic encephalopathy (NEE), expanding the spectrum of KCNQ2-related epilepsies. Pyridoxine (PN) dependent epilepsies (PDE) are a heterogeneous group of autosomal recessive disorders associated with neonatal-onset seizures responsive to treatment with vitamin B6 (VitB6). Few cases of neonatal seizures due to KCNQ2 pathogenic variants have been reported as successfully responding to VitB6. We reported two cases of KCNQ2-related neonatal epilepsies involving a 5-year-old male with a paternally inherited heterozygous mutation (c.1639C>T; p.Arg547Trp), and a 10-year-old female with a de novo heterozygous mutation (c.740C>T; p.Ser247Leu). Both children benefited from VitB6 treatment. Although the mechanisms explaining the efficacy of VitB6 in such patients remain unclear, this treatment option in neonatal-onset seizures is easily taken into account in Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICUs). Further studies should be conducted to better define clinical guidelines and treatment protocols.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/3239399
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