Assessment of the botanical origin of the unifloral honeys is of great concern in the context of consumer protection and quality control. Nevertheless, the methods that are currently available are not satisfactory. In order to find alternatives to the time consuming and uncertain methods, a new analytical approach is proposed; it is based on the enantiomeric ratio investigation of chiral volatile constituents which are derived from the plants being visited by the bees. The method was applied to orange honeys; firstly, the volatile fraction of orange honey and flowers were studied by SPME-GC-MS; a large number of components were identified in orange honeys while linalool prevailed among orange flower volatiles. The enantiomeric ratios of linalool and its oxides were determined and analogous values between honey and flowers resulted. Even if a wide variability in the amount of typical volatile constituents of orange honeys emerged, the enantiomeric ratios of linalool and its oxides remained stable and thus less influenced by production period, conditioning, packaging, storage, etc. As a result the enantiomeric distribution of the honey volatile constituents that directly come from flowers could represent a rapid and easy method for floral origin authenticity.

Chiral volatile compounds for the determination of orange honey authenticity.

VERZERA, Antonella;TRIPODI, GIANLUCA;CONDURSO, CONCETTA;DIMA, GIOVANNA;
2014

Abstract

Assessment of the botanical origin of the unifloral honeys is of great concern in the context of consumer protection and quality control. Nevertheless, the methods that are currently available are not satisfactory. In order to find alternatives to the time consuming and uncertain methods, a new analytical approach is proposed; it is based on the enantiomeric ratio investigation of chiral volatile constituents which are derived from the plants being visited by the bees. The method was applied to orange honeys; firstly, the volatile fraction of orange honey and flowers were studied by SPME-GC-MS; a large number of components were identified in orange honeys while linalool prevailed among orange flower volatiles. The enantiomeric ratios of linalool and its oxides were determined and analogous values between honey and flowers resulted. Even if a wide variability in the amount of typical volatile constituents of orange honeys emerged, the enantiomeric ratios of linalool and its oxides remained stable and thus less influenced by production period, conditioning, packaging, storage, etc. As a result the enantiomeric distribution of the honey volatile constituents that directly come from flowers could represent a rapid and easy method for floral origin authenticity.
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.
Pubblicazioni consigliate

Caricamento pubblicazioni consigliate

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/2635570
 Attenzione

Attenzione! I dati visualizzati non sono stati sottoposti a validazione da parte dell'ateneo

Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 31
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 32
social impact