1-D and 2-D comprehensive (LC x LC) liquid chromatography methods have been developed and compared for the separation and quantification of flavanones in various Citrus juices. 1-D analyses were carried out on a superficially porous C18 column, whereas the 2-D LC approach was composed of a polyethylene glycol silica narrow-bore column packed with totally porous particles in the first dimension (D1) and a superficially porous C18 column in the second dimension (D2). Low-selectivity correlations were ensured by the complementary separation mechanisms offered by the D1 and D2 columns. Quantification was carried out both manually and by means of a software capable of detecting and quantifying each peak from the 2-D plot. Limit of detection (LOD) values as low as 0.023 mu g/mL were obtained for hesperidin used as reference material for 1-D LC analyses, whereas values as high as 0.432 mu g/mL were obtained by comprehensive LC. This discrepancy can be traced back to the minor sensitivity experienced in comprehensive LC due to both sample dilution in D1 and the high flow rates employed in D2. On the other hand, the separation capabilities of the LC x LC approach allowed to reduce the interferences coming from the matrix and to achieve the separation of some critical pairs, e.g. hesperidin/naringin difficult to accomplish in 1-D LC.

Determination of flavanones in Citrus juices by means of one- and two-dimensional liquid chromatography

RUSSO, marina;CACCIOLA, FRANCESCO;BONACCORSI, Ivana Lidia;DUGO, Paola;MONDELLO, Luigi
2011

Abstract

1-D and 2-D comprehensive (LC x LC) liquid chromatography methods have been developed and compared for the separation and quantification of flavanones in various Citrus juices. 1-D analyses were carried out on a superficially porous C18 column, whereas the 2-D LC approach was composed of a polyethylene glycol silica narrow-bore column packed with totally porous particles in the first dimension (D1) and a superficially porous C18 column in the second dimension (D2). Low-selectivity correlations were ensured by the complementary separation mechanisms offered by the D1 and D2 columns. Quantification was carried out both manually and by means of a software capable of detecting and quantifying each peak from the 2-D plot. Limit of detection (LOD) values as low as 0.023 mu g/mL were obtained for hesperidin used as reference material for 1-D LC analyses, whereas values as high as 0.432 mu g/mL were obtained by comprehensive LC. This discrepancy can be traced back to the minor sensitivity experienced in comprehensive LC due to both sample dilution in D1 and the high flow rates employed in D2. On the other hand, the separation capabilities of the LC x LC approach allowed to reduce the interferences coming from the matrix and to achieve the separation of some critical pairs, e.g. hesperidin/naringin difficult to accomplish in 1-D LC.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11570/1912375
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